Reducing Secrecy

Critical Infrastructure Information (CII)

The Critical Infrastructure Information (CII) policy provides secrecy, civil immunity, preemption of state and local disclosure laws, and protection from whistleblowers to corporations that voluntarily submit information on infrastructure vulnerabilities. DHS developed CII guidelines as mandated in the Homeland Security Act Section 214 amidst controversy. The final rule contains the highly criticized provisions, as well as some very troubling additions that broaden the overall scope of the rule.

Public Trust & Accountability

A strong right of access to government information is a key component of an accountable government. In the simplest sense, accountability is being answerable for performance or results. Much of the public's trust rests upon the government being openly accountable for its decisions, actions and mistakes. When the government operates in secret or refuses to disclose information to the public, it is in essence stripping the public of its ability to oversee and hold the government accountable.

National Security

National security has long been recognized as a legitimate reason to restrict information from the public. The risk comes in not finding the proper balance between security and the public's right to know. Government, already a reluctant releaser of information, may overuse national security as a means to hide additional information. The late Supreme Court Justice Byron White foresaw this exact danger when he noted, "the label of 'national security' may cover a multitude of sins."

Environment, Health & Safety

Information has always been the fuel that powers the engine of environmental, health and safety protection. History shows that when environmental or health problems are made public, the public demands action, and government acts. But rules on access to information, including environmental, health and safety information, are now under drastic assault.